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The world of Spanish masters from the Hermitage Amsterdam

Highlighted muscles, contorted bodies, colours and expressions of amazement or apathy during the Spanish Golden Age depicted by Spanish masters at The Hermitage Museum in Amsterdam.
Velazquez 1599-1660. El Greco 1541-1614. Zurbaran 1598-1664. Pepeda 1611-1678. Ribera 1591-1652. Moya 1610-1674. Giordano 1634-1705. Murillo 1617-1682. Iriarte 1621- 1670. Villegas 1844-1921. Zuloaga 1870-1945.Picasso 1881-1973. Goya 1746-1828.
( 28 Nov-29 May 2016).
(Text/photography Tzina-Mersina Alimpoutaki-Joustra.
All rights reserved).

Main characterized elements of Spanish art that emphasize the intense contracts between light and dark underline Spanish pride and idiosyncrasy special during the Golden Age period of the king, the church and the plutocracy which were the most important sponsors of arts.
As the experts of the Hermitage Amsterdam describe ' ...the exhibition presents a historical survey of outstanding masterpieces which is starting with the Spanish golden age represented by illustrious painters like El Greco, Murillo and Velazquez and followed by Goya's sensational etchings and the show ends with work from early twentieth century, featuring the most famous Spanish artist of all: Pablo Picasso..'
 El Greco- Domenicos Theotokopoulos-( 1541-1614) who was born in Crete (Greece) and enriched his style with elements of Mannerism and the Venetian Renaissance.
Art critics emphasize that El Greco's art work is regarded as a precursor of both Expressionism and Cubism and symbolism in generally and special Pablo Picasso inspired from his artistic spirit.
The Hermitage Museum Amsterdam.
Goya's great talent(1746- 1828). Goya is considered the most important Spanish artist of late 18th and early 19th centuries. Goya is often referred to as both the last of the old masters and the first of the moderns.
                                Francisco Ribalta. Crucifixion. 1582. Oil on canvas. 
Artist:Vincente Palmarolli Y Gongalez. 
Title: Ballerina. 1870-90.
Oil on wood.

                            Bartolome Esteban Murillo. Two Woman at a window. 1645.
According to Hermitage's Museum description of the art work the old man who smoke the opium pipe evoke images by Jose de Ribera's saints and hermits of the Spanish Golden Age.The light is evenly distributed across the room.
                                 Jose Villegas Y Cordero. 1888. The Torero's Farewall.
                          Hermenegildo Anglada Y Camarasa. Title: Spaanse Dance. 1901.
                          Oil on wood.
Hermitage's Museum description:  Castanets click in her sinuous hands. The guitar and the rhythmic clapping urge her up. Strong, authentic emotions are the soul of the flamenco.In Paris, around 1900 the flamenco was virtually synonymous with Spain.The arm and hand movements recall a Moorish style of dance dating back centuries. The grimaces on the onlookers face's are reminding you of Goya's work whom Anglada greatly admired.
                             Ignacio Zuloaga.1903. Title: Preparation for the Bullfight.
The preparation is ending with another flower in her hair.he is ready to go to the bullfight and parades dressing with her costume. Zuloaga's  women in his bullfight paintings evoked works by Edgar Degas and Henri de Toulouse- Lautrec.
                                              Rodriguez Luna. Civil War. (1936-39). 
        Rodriquez Luna's tortuous style conjures up the realities of  the Spanish Civil War             reminding Goya's depictions of the guerrilla War against Napoleon.
                                   Pablo Picasso.( 1881-1973) Ceramics 1950- 1960.
The successful painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright is regarded as one of the most influential artists of the 20th century and one of the co-founders of  the Cubism movement (1909-1912).
The most celebrated Spanish artist Pablo Picasso made his first ceramic work at the age 65. He continued made ceramics of all kinds without using potter's wheel. His favorites Spanish motifs were bull's heads and human faces.  

' Art is not prodused by applying rules of aesthetics but by expressing what we feel and think. One doesn't measure the limbs of a woman one loves. We love from desire...', said the great artist Picasso who abandoned the Spanish tradition but always kept his ties with his fatherland.
                                         Pablo Picasso. Title: Boy with a dog. 1905.

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